According to the news, the price of Christmas ham will probably go up by another seven per cent next week. The announcement was made by the president of the supermarket association who did not clarify whether the organization was imposing the price increase arbitrarily to mercilessly jack up its members’ profits or whether it is the result of the law of supply and demand.
Not that the rising price of ham is a personal concern. I consciously refrain from buying traditional Christmas food items precisely because it makes me feel like a victim of swift and incisive robbery. But for those who feel that no Noche Buena meal can be complete without the Christmas ham, I wonder… do you even know how ham first figured on the Christmas Eve meal? It has nothing to do with the birth of Jesus, I tell you. It may, however, have everything to do with paganism.
Don’t faint. I’ll explain as best as I can.
Today’s youngster’s know Ragnarok as a highly addictive multi-player role playing online game that originated from the South Korean manhwa (comics; cartoons) by Lee Myung-jin. Ragnarok, however, predates online gaming by many, many centuries. In Norse mythology, Ragnarok refers to a series of events, including a prophecy and the concurrence of natural disasters, that led to global inundation.
And just what has that to do with the Christmas ham? Patience, patience… I’ll get to that.
One of the Norse gods that figures prominently in the Ragnarok is Freyr, twin brother of the beautiful Freyja. Freyr was associated with farming, harvest and boars. Serving a boar’s head with an apple in it mouth on a gold or silver platter during the midwinter festival, the Scandinavian Jul, was a traditional offering to invoke the good graces of Freyr all throughout the coming year. Interestingly, the boar offering is uncannily similar to the way we serve a whole lechon, another dish associated with festivities.
Jul is the Scandinavian term for Yule. If you’re wondering where the term Yule season and Yule log and Yule singing came from, well, it comes from that pagan midwinter festival called Jul.
If you’re familiar with the history of Christianity, or at least one version of it, you would know that to convert people from paganism to Christianity, the Christian church authorities found it convenient, and best, to successfully assimilate the old pagan customs with new Christian traditions. For instance, let’s be reminded that the singing of Christmas carols was not originally part of Christian traditions as they were frowned upon as a segment of pagan festivities. In fact, hymns in church service were forbidden until in 1223 Saint Francis of Assisi introduced Nativity hymns during Christmas Midnight Mass and the practice caught on.In her book “Gods and Myths of Northern Europe”, Dr. Hilda Roderick Ellis Davidson, English antiquarian and academic, says that by the 12th century, Christianity was well-entrenched in Europe although many pagan legends and practices survived. Christmas on December 25 and the midwinter festivities, well, it isn’t hard to imagine how the practice of serving ham transcended the assimilation of practices.
In “The Goddess Obscured: Transformation of the Grain Protectress from Goddess to Saint,” Pamela Berger goes farther by saying that Saint Stephen may have inherited the Christmas ham tradition from the old Norse pagan practices. As an aside, Saint Stephen, the first martyr of the Christian Church, was stoned to death after having been found guilty of blasphemy by the Sanhedrin (Jewish council) and Saint Paul figures prominently in his stoning. Paul, a Jew prior to his conversion to Christianity, watched the stoning with approval as written in Acts 22:20.
Saint’s Stephen’s day is December 26 (December 27 in Eastern Christianity). In Western Christian art, he is often depicted being stones by a crowd or as a young man carrying three stones and a palm. In old Swedish art, however, he is said to have been depicted bearing a boar’s head to a Yule banquet. I don’t think I need to spell it out but, just to be clear, Scandinavia, a term coined in the 1800s to designate countries with common Nordic linguistic and literary origins, refers to a region in northern Europe and is comprised principally of Denmark, Norway and Sweden (Finland and Iceland are sometimes included).
So, if anyone accuses you of paganism for serving ham with the Noche Buena meal, don’t take offense. It just might be true.